Hitachi monorail train
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Monorail vs. Light Rail for West Seattle-Ballard Route

Monorail is a Cheaper and Better Choice for the Route From West Seattle to Ballard Via Downtown Seattle

by Bob Fleming

Background News:

An April 1, 2019 article in The Seattle Times reported much higher-than-expected costs and many complaints about the light-rail line in the West Seatle - Downtown Seattle - Ballard corridor planned by Sound Transit as part of Sound Transit 3 (ST3) approved by voters a few years ago.

I propose that a monorail in the corridor would cost much less, could be completed in less time, be less disruptive, would sacrifice far fewer homes and businesses, and would result in far less opposition than light rail. My proposal would be a modification of the Green Line monorail project which was almost built a few years ago but was killed due to politics and poor financial planning.

Lower Cost:

The plans for light rail are for most of it to be in tunnels. Tunnels are expensive. The elevated guideway (tracks) of a monorail costs much less. And then there are other factos that would probably make the monorail cheaper than light rail:

Much of the design is already done. Much of the monorail could utilize the design already done for the Green Line monorail that was cancelled only a few months before construction was to begin.

May avoid the high cost of a second tunnel under downtown Seattle. The light rail from West Seattle to Ballard will require another tunnel under downtown Seattle. The proposed tunnel is also to be used for another route, but it may be possible that if monorail is used for the West Seattle - Ballard route, the new tunnel will no longer be required, probably saving billions of dollars.

Shared cost of a Salmon Bay bridge could save millions of dollars. The monorail should cross Salmon Bay (from Interbay to Ballard) on a high-level bridge to avoid conflict with marine traffic and to make monorail service faster and more reliable. At the same time, the low-level Ballard draw bridge for vehicular traffic is a major problem for traffic. If the City of Seattle can share the cost with the monorail builder, then a high-level bridge can be built that would combine vehicular traffic with a monorail above the opposite directions of traffic.

Shorter Construction Time:

Most of the monorail can be built with pylons (columns) and concrete guideway (track) built offsite and trucked in to the site of construction and lifted into place by cranes. This would take much less time than building tunnels.

Could Avoid Second Tunnel Under Downtown Seattle:

Light rail plans include construction of a second tunnel under downtown Seattle, which would also be used for another route. It is possible that if a monorail is built from West Seattle to Ballard instead of light rail, that the other route proposed to use the new tunnel could use the existing tunnel instead, eliminating the need for the second tunnel. This would not only save potentially billions of dollars, but would also avoid the other inconveniences that come with new construction. The money saved by not building the tunnel could be used to speed construction and/or exptension of other light rail routes and/or extend the monorail beyond West Seattle and Ballard.

Could Open Years Sooner:

With simpler construction and lower costs, it is very possible that a monorail could open years sooner than the proposed light rail line. The time involved in digging tunnels, especially a second tunnel Downtown, would be eliminated. Furthermore, with greatly reduced costs, money could be available sooner.

Would Serve Sports Venues and Seattle Center:

Climate Pledge Arena: There could be a station near the southwest corner of Climate Pledge Arena that would not only serve Climate Pledge Arena but also Seattle Center.

Seattle Center: The station near the southwest corner of Climate Pledge Arena would also serve Seattle Center. If the Seattle Center Monorail is extended to this location, it would then be a transfer point from the West Seattle-Ballard Monorail to the Seattle Center Monorail to go to the other side of Seattle Center and Westlake Center downtown.

T-Mobile Park: The route of the monorail could be along Occidental Avenue South, with a station at T-Mobile Park, the home of the Seattle Mariners baseball team and a venue for other events.

Lumen Field: The route of the monorail could be along Occidental Avenue South, with a station at Lumen Field, the home of the Seattle Seahawks football team and a venue for other events.

Proposed SODO Arena: If the route of the monorail is along Occidental Avenue South, there would be a station at the propsed new SODO arena, a proposed future home of the Seattle Supersonics NBA basketball team and a venue for other events. Because the proposed arena would be built where Occidental Ave. S. is now, the monorail would have to deviate to the east around the arena and the station would be on the east side of the arena.

One of the stations at either T-Mobile Park or Lumen Field would stay open full time because it would also serve the surrounding area. However the other of those two stations, and the station at the proposed new basketball arena, would only be open for an event, otherwise trains would pass through without stopping.

Connection to Seattle Center Monorail:

The Seattle Center Monorail, built in 1992 for the Seattle World’s Fair, runs from Westlake Center in Downtown Seattle to a station on the east side of Seattle Center. I propose that this monorail be extended west to a new station near the southwest corner of Climate Pledge Arena. If a monorail is built from West Seattle to Ballard, a station at Climate Pledge Arena could be combined with a station for the extended Seattle Center Monorail, providing a transfer point between the two lines.

Could Serve Expedia and Cruise Terminal

A station about at Elliott Ave. W. and W. Galer and W. Garfield Streets would be close to the new Expedia headquarters and resolve many of the anticipated traffic problems on Elliott Ave. W. and 15th Ave. W. The same station would be only a few hundred feet from the cruise ship terminal and would provide an exciting way for cruise ship passengers to connect to Downtown.

Could Extend to Crown Hill

With money saved from construction of a monorail instead of light rail, it should be possible to extend the monorail line to Crown Hill (the original Green Line route was to terminate at 15th Ave. N.W. and N.W. 85th St.).

Potential for Future Extension to Northgate, Lake City, and Beyond:

Later, the north end of this monorail line could be extended northeastward along N.W. Holman Road and then eastward to North Seattle College, Northgate Mall, and Lake City.

And later on, it could be further extended up Lake City Way N.E. and Bothell Way N.E. to Kenmore and Bothell.

Potential for Future Extension to White Center and Beyond:

Later, the south end of the route could be extended southward to White Center and Burien.

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©2019 Robert M. Fleming Jr.

This page was last updated on 18 March 2022.